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Acronyms

The disability world is full of acronyms and it can be hard to keep them straight.  Support for Families has developed this list of acronyms and their meanings to help decode documents, forms, and the written language of disability.

 
 

LEA        

Local Education Agency (school district)

LPA       

Local Planning Area

LPN       

Licensed Practical Nurse

LRE        

Least Restrictive Environment (provision of IDEA)

MCH     

Maternal and Child Health

MCO     

Managed Care Organization

MCP     

Managed Care Plan

MA        

Masters of Arts degree

MD        

Medical Doctor

MFT      

Marriage and Family Therapist

MS        

Masters degree in Science

MSW    

Masters degree in Social Work

MTU     

Medical Therapy Unit

NAMI   

National Association for the Mentally Ill

NCLB    

No Child Left Behind

NICHCY

National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities

NG TUBE             

Neo-gastric Tube

NICU    

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

NIMH   

National Institute of Mental Health

NPS       

Non-Public School

OCR                      

Office of Civil Rights (Federal)

OHI       

Other Health Impaired

OSEP                    

Office of Special Education Programs (Federal)

OSERS  

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services (Federal)

OT         

Occupational Therapist

PAI        

Protection and Advocacy, Inc. (State program that protect the rightsof people with mental health needs and developmental disabilities.

PCP       

Primary Care Provider (or Physician)

PDD      

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

PHN      

Public Health Nurse

POS       

Purchase of Services

PPO      

Preferred Provider Organization

PT          

Physical Therapist

PTI         

Parent Training and Information Centers (funded through IDEA)

RSP       

Resource Specialist Program

SDC       

Special Day Class

SEA       

State Education Agency

SED       

Severe Emotional Disturbance

SELPA   

Special Education Local Planning Area

SFCD     

Support for Families of Children with Disabilities (San Francisco’s FRC and PTI)

SFUSD

San Francisco Unified School District

SLI         

Speech and Language Impairment

SSA       

Social Security Administration

SSDI    

Social Security Disability Insurance

SSI       

Supplemental Security Income

SSI-DCP               

Supplemental Security Income – Disabled Children’s Program (usually called Children’s SSI)       

SST        

Student Study Team

TBI         

Traumatic Brain Injury

VI           

Visually Impaired

WIC     

Women, Infants and Children (supplemental food program)

AAP      

American Academy of Pediatrics

ABA      

American Bar Association

AB3632

Refers to California law related to behavioral assessment and mental health services.

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

AMA

American Medical Association

AT

Assistive Technology

CAC

Community Advisory Committee

CCS

California Children Services

CDE

California Department of Education

CHDP

Child Health and Disability Prevention Program

CHIP

Children’s Health Insurance Program

CBHS

Community Behavioral Health Services

CCIC

Child Care Inclusion Challenge Project

CMS

Children’s Medical Services

COBRA

Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985

CPS

Child Protective Services

CQI

Continuous Quality Improvement

CSHCN

Children with Special Health Care Needs

CSOC

Children’s System of Care

CCCS

Comprehensive Child Crisis Services

DCYFS

Department of Children, Youth and Family Services (San Francisco)

DD

Developmental Disability

DDS

Department of Developmental Services

DHS

Department of Human Services

DIS

Designated Instruction and Service

DSM-IV

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

ED

Emotionally Disturbed

EI

Early Intervention (usually refers to services for infants and toddlers with developmental delays or risk factors.)

EPSDT

Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (Medicaid benefits for children)

ESY       

Extended School Year

FAPE     

Free, appropriate, public education (refers to special education law)

FPL/FPR              

Federal Poverty Level or Federal Poverty Rate

FRC       

Family Resource Center

FV        

Family Voices

HCFA    

Health Care Financing Administration (federal agency responsible for Medicaid, Medicare and CHIP)

HH         

Hard of Hearing

HI         

Hearing-Impaired

HIPAA  

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

HMG

Help Me Grow

HMO     

Health Maintenance Organization

ICC        

Interagency Coordinating Committee

ICM       

Intensive Care Management

IDEA     

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (federal law governing special education)

IEP         

Individualized Education Program

IFSP      

Individualized Family Service Plan

IHSS      

In-Home Supportive Services

LD          

Learning Disability